Editorial Policies

Focus and Scope

The INDICATORS-Journal of Economics and Business is a multidisciplinary journal of economics, management, bussiness, and acounting, economic development and social change, using theoretical and empirical approaches that examine both determinants and effects of various dimensions of economics, management, bussiness, and acounting, economic development and social change. The focus of INDICATORS is on publishing empirical, scientifically based studies that use appropriate data to test theoretical models and to explore policy impacts related to a broad range of topics within the fields.


Section Policies


Checked Open Submissions Checked Indexed Checked Peer Reviewed

Research Article

Checked Open Submissions Checked Indexed Checked Peer Reviewed

Peer Review Process

The INDICATORS conducts its editorial work using the Online Journal System (OJS). The OJS is system that systematically handles INDICATORS’s double-blind review process. Once a manuscript is submitted through the OJS, it is automatically logged in and checked (by the journal manager) to ensure that the submission is complete and has been prepared according to the INDICATORS submission instructions. At this time a receipt of manuscript acknowledgement is sent to the corresponding author confirming that his/her manuscript has been received and is been considered for possible publication in INDICATORS. The INDICATORS employs a double-blind manuscript review process. With a double‐blind review approach, the identity of the both the author(s) and reviewer are unknown to both parties. All manuscripts submitted for publication in the INDICATORS are first evaluated by the Managing Editor, either individually or in consultation with the Editorial Board member(s), to assess its suitability for the journal in line with the journal’s aims and scope. This is an important step to ensure that the content falls within the scope of the journal in terms of quality and/or impact on policy. Manuscripts that do not meet the journal’s expected standards are rejected with an explanation of reasons behind a desk-reject decision. Those manuscripts must be written in good English or Bahasa. All submitted manuscripts must be free from plagiarism content. All authors are suggested to use plagiarism detection software to do the similarity checking (please use Turnitin to check the similarity). Editors will also check the similarity of manuscripts in this journal by using a Turnitin software. Final decision of articles acceptance will be made by Editors according to reviewers comments. Publication of accepted articles including the sequence of published articles will be made by Editor in Chief by considering sequence of accepted date and geographical distribution of authors as well as thematic issue.


Publication Frequency

The INDICATORS publishes 2 issues in a calendar year. Those issue are published in May and November with 10 articles per issue.


Open Access Policy

This journal provides immediate open access to its content on the principle that making research freely available to the public supports a greater global exchange of knowledge.

This journal is open access journal which means that all content is freely available without charge to users or / institution. Users are allowed to read, download, copy, distribute, print, search, or link to full text articles in this journal without asking prior permission from the publisher or author. This is in accordance with Budapest Open Access Initiative


Publication Ethics

INDICATORS-Journal of Economics and Business adopts the COPE guidelines on publication ethics.

INDICATORS is committed to upholding the highest standard of publication ethics and takes all possible measures against plagiarism and any publication malpractices. This statement is based on COPE’s Best Practice Guidelines for Journal.


Promptness The journal editors are committed to providing timely reviews to the authors. If a reviewer does not submit his/her report in a timely manner, the manuscript is immediately sent to another qualified reviewer. Confidentiality Manuscript content is treated with high confidentiality. The journal uses a single and double-blind process. Reviewers cannot discuss manuscripts with any other persons, including the authors. Standard of objectivity Editors and reviewers are required to evaluate manuscripts based on the content. The review comment must be respectful of the authors. The reviewers are required to justify their decision and recommendation. Acknowledgment of Sources Reviewers should identify relevant published work that has been cited by authors. Any statement that an observation, derivation, or argument had been previously reported should be accompanied by the relevant citation. A reviewer should also call to the editor’s attention any substantial similarity or overlap between the manuscript under consideration and any other published manuscript of which they have personal knowledge. Disclosure and conflict of interest Privileged information or ideas obtained through peer review must be kept confidential and not used for personal advantage. Reviewers should not consider manuscripts in which they have conflicts of interest resulting from competitive, collaborative, or other relationships or connections with any of authors, companies, or institutions connected to the manuscripts.


Publication and authorship All persons listed as authors should qualify for authorship. Such authorship should be limited to persons who have contributed significantly to the conception, design, execution, data acquisition, data analysis, or interpretation of the manuscript. All other persons who have participated in certain important aspects of the research but do not qualify as authors, then they should be acknowledged. Authorship is the responsibility of the corresponding author; he or she should ensure that all appropriate co-authors are included in the manuscript. Request to add or remove author(s) or to arrange the author names of the accepted manuscript before it is published, must be sent to Managing Editor. Reporting standards An author should present an accurate account of the work performed as well as an objective discussion of its significance. A manuscript should contain sufficient detail and references to permit others to replicate the work wherever possible. Originality and plagiarism In publishing only original research, INDICATORS is committed to deterring plagiarism, including self-plagiarism. Authors should ensure that they have written entirely original works, and if the authors have used the work and/or words of others that this has been appropriately cited or quoted. Manuscripts found with such problems are automatically rejected and authors are so advised. Multiple, redundant, or concurrent publication Authors should not concurrently submit the same manuscript for publishing to other journals. It is also expected that the author(s) will not publish redundant manuscripts, or manuscripts describing the same research in several publishing venues after the initial manuscript has been accepted for publication. Simultaneous submission is considered unethical and is therefore unacceptable. Acknowledgment of sources Manuscript acknowledgment of the work of others is required. The author must cite publications that have led to the author's current research. Authorship of the manuscript Authorship should be limited to those who have made a significant contribution to the research reported in the manuscript. Disclosure and conflicts of interest All authors should disclose in their manuscript any financial or another substantive conflict of interest that might be construed to influence the results or interpretation of their manuscript. Fundamental errors in published works When an author discovers a significant error or inaccuracy in his/her own published work, it is the author’s obligation to promptly notify the journal editor or publisher and cooperate with the editor to retract or correct the manuscript.


Editors should ensure that the research material they publish conforms to internationally accepted ethical guidelines. Editors should protect the confidentiality of individual information. Editors ensure the anonymity of reviewers and authors. Editors have a duty to act if they suspect misconduct. Editors should not simply reject manuscripts that raise concerns about possible misconduct.


Policy of Screening for Plagiarism

All manuscripts must be free from plagiarism contents. All authors are suggested to use plagiarism detection software to do the similarity checking. Editors check the plagiarism detection of articles in this journal by using a Turnitin software.